Dominic: Interesting that migration often leaves more female-dominated communities behind, for better or worse
Sam: Yes, for sure remittances are a huge part of boosting resilience to shocks for families back at home.
@Sam @Laurie: There are innovative projects to "match" remittances to government contributions. For example, in the US, "home town associations" send remittances to their areas of origin, and for every 1 dollar sent the Mexican government (I have heard) matches that for development. Also, policies like "Temporary Protection Status" provide a way for immigrants to keep working in other countries, send money home to help their communities get back on their feet. @Jaspreet Kindra at IRIN News is writing about topics like this.
How important for migrants are ties in destination areas? With migration not related to climate issues, that's very important, right?
Koko: Fascinating on the remittance matching in Mexico!
@Ali: Yes. Work supported by CDKN in Bangladesh showed that things like saline intrustion goes beyond what people can do to adapt. Some of the people interviewed in that study said that they feel they have few other options than to leave...sometimes the better-situated ones make it to places like the Middle East construction sector.
Bangladesh high commissioner to the UK saying today there's a need to draw a clear distinction between climate migration and climate displacement - the second when you've got no choice but to go. The second isn't adaptive in any way, he points out
@Laurie: Very sadly, research on the ground in so many countries of the world find that vulnerable families really get pushed to the limit--including trafficking, degrading work conditions, and danger. I really resonated with the question you and Sam and others posed: What can we do to make sure that migration remains one of a number of resilience and development-enhancing CHOICEs, rather than a last-ditch surivival option.
#lossanddamage #adaptation: Need to plan, finance, & implement #durable solutions & protecting mobile people @Nansen @ScottLeckie
Guillermo: How do you see migration in Latin America differing from migration elsewhere, and how might that determine how climate-related migration plays out?
Just 15 minutes to go in our debate! Get your comments and questions in there
I'd be curious to hear what people think are effective mechanisms for migration out of highly climate-vulnerable places like some Pacific Islands. I've loved some of the creative ideas I've heard, such as Kiribati training lots of nurses to take advantage of nurse-friendly immigration policies in Australia
Dominic: Great idea to more widely use M-pesa, the Kenyan origin way of transferring money via mobile phones
@DominicKniveton - is there any more clarity on the projected numbers of climate migrants these days, or is this a question researchers don't think so important now?
@Stella: Its a great question (btw: Tamer and I are "typing" together here...). We did find that climate impacts in Bangladesh like saline intrusion have an effect on human health. There, people were telling us about skin problems, reproductive problems in women, and things like eyesight. When they couldn´t adapt enough to increasing salt in water and soil, many really vulnerable families felt that moving away was their only option. You are right: we need to think hard about what people need to deal with livelihood impacts, and how we can help them -- either stay and improve their conditions, or move if they chose to do so in humane, dignified ways.