Japan earthquake and Pacific tsunami - ALERTNET

Japan earthquake and Pacific tsunami

Tweets and updates about the aftermath

  • A photographer holds a radiation detector indicating 0.35 microsieverts per hour at a devastated factory area hit by earthquake and tsunami in Sendai, northern Japan, March 20, 2011. REUTERS/Kim Kyung-Hoon

  • IAEA updates status of spent fuel at Fukushima Daiichi in #Japan: bit.ly
  • Two #Japan reactors enter cold shutdown, IAEA reports: bit.ly
  • IAEA update on latest status at Fukushima Daiichi nuclear plant in Japan: j.mp
  • World Health Organisation warns of "serious" food radiation in disaster-hit Japan ow.ly #jpquake #who #health
  • This demolished road outside #Otsuchi illustrates the difficulties in accessing communities in need. ow.ly #Japan
  • RT @pat_fuller: follow #redcross spokespeople in #japan @Muellerforlife2 and @sayaJRCS for the latest #tsunami updates
  • "Japanese victims ... have responded w/ such dignity & love 4 each other even as they have suffered their own losses." ow.ly
  • jedipaulさん、チャレンジ開始ありがとうございます。「皆の力が集まって」支援を届けたいとの思い、しっかり受け止めさせていただきます!@medeirospault 東日本大震災支援!! 心を一つに。。。 justgiving.jp
  • いつもボラ協力、本当にありがとうございます。PWJ松田は今日も現地で奮闘中。 @ab_chan2987: @PeaceWindsJapan 見ました!「支援のプロ松田憲」の密着取材、興味深くかぶりついて見ました。いつもボランティアやっていても、支援の現場を目にすることはないので…
  • 感謝です! @Shu_Takeda: 心も一緒に支援!がんばれー!RT @hgd: Civic Force≒PWJへの募金がどう支援されたかやってます。RT @PeaceWindsJapan: 現在、日テレ「action!」にてPWJ代表理事大西健丞が生出演しています!
  • #Japan's civil defense is quick 2 clear roads so humanitarian svcs like #RedCross can access affected areas. ow.ly
  • I uploaded a YouTube video -- 3月19日気仙沼市にストーブが400台到着 youtu.be
  • 感涙。メタボラさんにはお世話になりっぱなしです。広報Y @Shu_Takeda: こちらが感謝ですよ。。応援し続けて行きます!@PWJ: 感謝です! @Shu_Takeda: 心も一緒に支援!がんばれー!
  • 視聴ありがとうございます。現在のところ、まだ具体的にボランティア募集は行っておりません。 @kanon_sony: @peacewindsjapanの代表、大西さん、本日もTV番組に出演されております。
  • ありがとうございます。国内の大規模災害に備えた政府、自治体、法人、NPOなどのタイアップ、そしてコーディネート能力が本当に問われていますね。@sakiaruto: みました!こういう活動が目に見えてなかったので。災害復興を陣頭指揮する…
  • RT @jonathanglennie: BBC World Service to sign funding deal with US, Guardian: bit.ly
  • いつもありがとうございます。 @Hiroki_Komazaki: PWJ大西健丞「神戸の規模で考えてはいけない。2倍3倍だ。また、被災者を単に被害者と考えてはいけない。色んな技術を持った人がいるから、彼らを主体にさせていく必要がある。」
  • Cause of smoke over Japan nuclear reactors unknown - operator
    j.mp #japan
  • IAEA Director General reports to Board on Japan visit. bit.ly
  • World Bank says #Japan recovery may take five years, BBC: ow.ly
  • @Unnikru Plan's global #disaster coordinator arrived in #Japan 4days ago-he's travelling from Tokyo to Sendai w/t 4 of the Plan team
  • In #Japan, immediate concern are children&families - nearly half a mill people currently living in temp shelters ow.ly
  • Amazing pic from Plan's DRR expert @unnikru of #Japan tsunami hit areas (Tagajo) -shows carnage of the #tsunami waves t.co
  • Japan National Police Agency: The number of deaths is 8,649, injured 2,644, missing 13,262 #japan j.mp
  • Japan National Police Agency: The number of evacuees after the Japan earthquake is at approximately 349,000 j.mp #japan
  • Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Rescue teams from 16 countries, & a UNDAC team have arrived & are operating in #japan j.mp
  • OCHA: As of March 20, 289,000 households (713,000 people) were without electricity compared to 452,000 on March 18 j.mp
  • OCHA: There are now about 120,000 national emergency service personnel working in Japan #japan j.mp
  • OCHA: 130,000 structures are estimated to be damaged, of which at least 14,600 were completely destroyed j.mp #japan
  • Japan Ministry of Foreign Affairs: Japan has received assistance offers from 128 countries, regions and 33 int'l orgs j.mp
  • Since 2008, more than 200K IFRC #shelter kits have been deployed 2 support emergency response. Learn how they help: ow.ly
  • Randolph Kent, director of the Humanitarian Futures Programme at King’s College in London, has this to say on lesson’s Japan’s tragedy offers to an increasingly vulnerable world:

    “The capacity for mitigating the impact of events such as the multiple crises in Japan is increasing dramatically, but governments and the UN system are failing to take the right course of action.

    He believes the abiding lesson globally of Japan's present agony is that so many of the risks that the world will face can be anticipated. However, the commitment to take appropriate action to identify plausible crises and to take appropriate preventative and preparedness action is lacking.

    “The earthquake, its aftershocks, the tsunami, the nuclear emergency and their potential financial costs illustrate what a ‘synchronous failure’ could look like, namely, a mega-crisis stemming from a multi-dimensional system’s collapse.

    “It is a type of failure for which the international community will increasingly have to prepare, one which has to begin with ever more sophisticated ways of anticipating and analyzing risks and ways to reduce them, and one in which humanitarian assistance – in such forms as long-term post-traumatic support and sustained radiation recovery treatments – will increasingly be on an ever-growing 'emergency supplies list'.

    "Analysts report Japan's tragedy as a cataclysm affecting a ‘highly sophisticated developed nation’. This characterisation in many respects misses two lessons we should be learning: first, that vulnerabilities inevitably affect all states because of the increasingly interactive nature of future crises and the stark similarities that underlie all such tragedies; and second, the extraordinary opportunity the Japanese crisis offers to urge the international community to prepare far more proactively and effectively for such future humanitarian challenges.”

    Kent says that too little time is spent by policy-makers generally on speculating about the ways the interactive nature of risks, the ways that threats for which we might be prepared may interact with other crisis drivers for which we are not prepared.

    “Those with humanitarian roles and responsibilities too often fail to look for the interconnections between one crisis driver and others, and with that in mind also fail to use the insights provided by the sciences to identify new types of crisis threats and possible solutions.”

    He believes that arising out of Japan’s calamity needs to come a new approach towards anticipating and dealing with the increasingly complex dynamics of new and traditional types of crisis threats. “This is a challenge ever increasing in its implications. To what extent will a world seemingly spellbound by Japan’s agony respond to such crises of the future?”

    Kent says that on the ground it is evident that even in such a highly sophisticated and well prepared society as Japan, the impact of natural hazards on infrastructure can quickly lead to outcomes normally associated with poorer countries -- large-scale food shortages, water and shelter crises and logistics collapse. And while electricity, roads and essential supplies are being restored, hundreds of thousands of people are “internally displaced,” afraid of being exposed to radioactive fallout or just with no home to go to.

    He adds there can be no doubt that Japan’s level of crisis prevention and preparedness offers a standard that few other countries can match, but that nevertheless, as the crisis plays itself out, there inevitably will be a growing number of faults that will be found even in such an “iconic system” and the way it was managed.

    “What one has to take from this seminal event is that the types of crisis drivers which the international community will have increasingly to face not only will grow in number but will also grow in complexity. The erosion of infrastructures, the consequences of cybernetic failures and growing interconnectedness are but three factors that will expose human vulnerabilities around the world.”
    by Tim Large @TR_Foundation edited by Julie Mollins 3/21/2011 1:53:49 PM
  • Last week, Reuters blogger Felix Salmon stirred up controversy with a blog provocatively titled “Don’t donate money to Japan” blogs.reuters.com with a follow-up titled “Donating to Japan, continued”. blogs.reuters.com

    Larry Probus, chief financial officer of World Vision U.S., has written this response:

    Felix Salmon’s blog, "Don’t donate money to Japan", appears to make a compelling argument for not designating donations to charities responding to the tragic earthquake and tsunami in Japan. Mr. Salmon contends that, “Earmarking funds is a really good way of hobbling relief organizations and ensuring that they have to leave large piles of money unspent in one place while facing urgent needs in other place.”

    There is an element of truth to this argument, but as often is the case, simple answers to complex questions are usually wrong.

    As the chief financial officer of the U.S. offices of World Vision, the international Christian humanitarian organisation, I can appreciate Mr. Salmon’s complaints about earmarked donations enabling “a mess of uncoordinated NGOs parachuting in to emergency areas with lots of good intentions.” But rather than encouraging "business as usual" levels of giving, our response should be to ensure life-saving relief efforts are coordinated and effective.

    NGOs need both designated and undesignated funds to be successful. Designated donations provide charities with discipline and discernment to perform the work they promise donors they will do – whether emergency relief operations or long-term community development. Moreover, donors can – and should – hold their charities of choice accountable and expect to be informed about how their designated contributions were used.

    On the other hand, no charity could survive if all its donations were earmarked for specific programs. How could overhead be covered? I’ve yet to meet a donor whose passion is paying the office’s electric bills, let alone the costs of fundraising. My experience in both the corporate and non-profit sectors has enabled me to scrutinize expenditures for administrative functions, either for the benefit of stockholders, or targeting more money for programs serving the poor.

    Mr. Salmon and I do agree that designated donations can leave some NGOs unable to address the “less visible emergencies,” such as some of those 22,000 children who die every day from mostly preventable causes, or the 1,000 children who are infected every day with HIV, the virus that causes AIDS.

    Those crises do not merit “wall-to-wall coverage” for several consecutive days on CNN or the BBC, enabling millions of people’s hearts to be touched and wallets to be opened. But they are no less important, nor less urgent, than the four-month-old infant rescue workers pulled from the rubble March 15th in Japan.

    The fundamental issue with charitable giving is trust. If donors are wary of a charity’s claims - either in the midst of a major natural disaster, as we have seen in Japan, or in conducting long-term community development – they should keep their money. But if donors do their homework, consult watchdog groups, such as Charity Navigator or Better Business Alliance, and develop a comfortable level of trust that the organizations will be effective stewards of their contributions, then I would gladly echo Mr. Salmon’s admonition: “So do give money to them — and give generously!”
  • UN #Japan update: huge Yokohama oil refinery back online, should ease fuel shortages, improve aid delivery
  • Thousands in Ampara, Sri Lanka harness benefits from #RedCross Water & Sanitation project: ow.ly via @reliefweb
  • RT @Good_Intents: An update on the #Japan relief efforts - don't send stuff: ow.ly
  • Thinking of our friends at the #Indonesian #RedCross as they assist families who have evacuated due 2 Mt. Karangetang's eruption.
  • Political upheavals pose new challenge for humanitarians dlvr.it
  • The Debating Chamber - Your donation to Japan makes a difference dlvr.it
  • Aid Worker Diaries - Japan is one of the toughest disasters to work on dlvr.it
  • Egypt’s Women Worry This Will Be Guys-Only Revolution dlvr.it
  • InterAction, an umbrella organisation for U.S. nongovernmental organisations, has joined the debate sparked by Reuters blogger Felix Salmon with his “Don’t donate money to Japan” post. blogs.reuters.com

    Interaction President Sam Worthington writes:

    “When disaster strikes, the natural impulse for many is to donate their hard-earned money to help, whether it is in a poor nation like Haiti or an industrialized country such as Japan. The headline on Felix Salmon's column last week, ‘Don't donate to Japan’, was jarring, to say the least, and sent a confused message to millions wanting to be compassionate.

    “The 8.9 magnitude earthquake, ensuing tsunami, and threat from nuclear reactors dealt a trio of misery that even Japan, a highly organized, wealthy and efficient nation, needs help to overcome. Help does not always come through governments but via its caring and generous citizens. In the United States, when a tornado destroys a small town, for example, it is often local and other national charities who step in to fill gaps.

    “USAID has been directing potential donors to my organization's website, where we list members of our alliance who are either working in Japan, have sister organizations there or Japanese partners responding to this calamity. By compiling this list, we give donors an opportunity to look at who is doing what, where and with whom and make an educated choice over which charity to support.

    “International NGOs are not just ‘parachuting’ in to help in Japan. Assistance is being done in a coordinated way, with Japan's government and local groups leading the person-to-person relief effort and international NGOs responding to Japanese requests.

    “Mr. Salmon raises the issue of restricted (or earmarked money) and non-restricted funds. Whether to restrict your donation or put it in a general pot of emergency funds is not new. It is a question of personal choice. Donors who give regularly know this and they usually have a preferred charity to which they give often, both to special appeals and to general funds. When you restrict funds, you have made a personal choice where you would like the money spent. When you give to unrestricted funds, you trust an institution to spend that money where the needs are greatest. This might mean, money you donated because you felt strongly about Japanese suffering, could ultimately cure a sick child in the Democratic Republic of Congo or Darfur. Either way, a vulnerable person has been helped.

    “Reputable charities are clear up front where the money will go. Our member NGOs are committed to a set of standards governing fund-raising and their finances, which includes that contributions made during an emergency appeal "shall be used as promised or implied". We also publish guidelines for the public on our web site, telling potential donors to "do their homework" and treat this as an investment.

    “So what should people do?

    “It may sound crass, but cash really is the best option as it gives U.S.-based international NGOs and their Japanese partners the flexibility to buy what is needed. Since the earthquake, we have received many calls from people wanting either to volunteer or to donate bulk shipments of items. While well-intentioned, these donated items can actually be a hindrance as they clog up airports and ports and could be bought at a fraction of the cost locally. We also caution people against hopping on planes to volunteer. What a disaster of this magnitude requires, is professionals, much like U.S. firefighters and search and rescue teams sent by USAID to help.

    “When Hurricane Katrina struck America in 2005, many of the victims of that disaster were comforted from the emotional and monetary support that came from abroad. Just as in Hurricane Katrina, there will sadly be thousands of people who will likely fall through the cracks of Japan's social security net. Japanese civil society, with funds from U.S. and other donors, will help fill that gap. That is where the generosity of the American people and many other nations, make a difference.”
  • AlertNet Audio Expresso: Libyan air strikes, Japan aid chaos, Ivorians flee bit.ly // @audioboo bit.ly #japan
  • Latest IAEA update from Fukushima nuclear plant in Japan: j.mp
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